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         author = {BenZeghiba, Mohamed Faouzi and Bourlard, Herv{\'{e}}},
       projects = {Idiap},
          title = {User-{C}ustomized {P}assword {HMM} {B}ased {S}peaker {V}erification},
           type = {Idiap-RR},
         number = {Idiap-RR-35-2002},
           year = {2002},
    institution = {IDIAP},
           note = {published in The Advent of Biometrics on the Internet (COST 275,',','),
 Rome 2002},
       abstract = {is presented. The system has no {\it a priori} knowledge of passwords. A hybrid HMM/ANN system is used to infer the phonetic transcription of the password. The emission probabilities are then modeled by a multi-Gaussians HMM model. Evaluation experiments, conducted on PolyVar database, showed results comparable with a system where the correct phonetic transcription of the password is known {\it a priori}.},
            pdf = {https://publications.idiap.ch/attachments/reports/2002/rr02-35.pdf},
     postscript = {ftp://ftp.idiap.ch/pub/reports/2002/rr02-35.ps.gz},