%Aigaion2 BibTeX export from Idiap Publications
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         author = {Mari{\'{e}}thoz, Johnny and Bengio, Samy},
       projects = {Idiap},
          title = {Can a Professional Imitator Fool a GMM-Based Speaker Verification System?},
           type = {Idiap-RR},
         number = {Idiap-RR-61-2005},
           year = {2005},
    institution = {IDIAP},
       abstract = {This paper presents an attempt at assessing empirically how a state-of-the-art text-independent speaker verification system behaves when confronted to imposting attempts from a professional imitator who perfectly knows how to imitate in particular the clients he tried to impost. Empirical evidence show that, fortunately, current speaker verification systems are indeed robust to such attempts, even when humans are not able to discriminate between true and imposting accesses (a website with some examples is provided to convince the reader). Furthermore, we show that the knowledge of the lexical content of the access significantly helps the imitator, although fortunately not enough to fool the system. This study thus represents a first step in assessing a speaker verification system against true, informed, impostors.},
            pdf = {https://publications.idiap.ch/attachments/reports/2005/mariethoz-idiap-rr-05-61.pdf},
     postscript = {ftp://ftp.idiap.ch/pub/reports/2005/mariethoz-idiap-rr-05-61.ps.gz},