logo Idiap Research Institute        
 [BibTeX] [Marc21]
Development of a lung segmentation algorithm for analog imaged chest X-Ray: preliminary results
Type of publication: Conference paper
Citation: Renzo_CBIC_2021
Publication status: Accepted
Booktitle: XV Brazilian Congress on Computational Intelligence
Year: 2021
Month: October
Location: Joinville, Brazil
URL: https://pypi.org/project/bob.i...
Abstract: Analog X-Ray radiography is still used in many underdeveloped regions around the world. To allow these populations to benefit from advances in automatic computer-aided detection (CAD) systems, X-Ray films must be digitized. Unfortunately, this procedure may introduce imaging artefacts, which may severely impair the performance of such systems. This work investigates the impact digitized images may cause to deep neural networks trained for lung (semantic) segmentation on digital x-ray samples. While three public datasets for lung segmentation evaluation exist for digital samples, none are available for digitized data. To this end, a U-Net-style architecture was trained on publicly available data, and used to predict lung segmentation on a newly annotated set of digitized images. Using typical performance metrics such as the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC), our results show that the model is capable to identify lung regions at digital X-Rays with a high intra-dataset (AUPRC: 0.99), and cross-dataset (AUPRC: 0.99) efficiency on unseen test data. When challenged against digitized data, the performance is substantially degraded (AUPRC: 0.90). Our analysis also suggests that typical performance markers, maximum F1 score and AUPRC, seems not to be informative to characterize segmentation problems in test images. For this goal pixels does not have independence due to natural connectivity of lungs in images, this implies that a lung pixel tends to be surrounded by other lung pixels. This work is reproducible. Source code, evaluation protocols and baseline results are available at: https://pypi.org/project/bob.ip.binseg/.
Keywords: Analog x-ray, Lung Segmentation, neural network, U-Net
Projects Idiap
Authors Renzo, Matheus A.
Fernandez, Natália
Baceti, André A.
de Moura Junior, Natanael Nunes
Anjos, André
Added by: [UNK]
Total mark: 0
  • Renzo_CBIC_2021.pdf