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 [BibTeX] [Marc21]
Readback Error Detection by Automatic Speech Recognition to Increase ATM Safety
Type of publication: Conference paper
Citation: Helmke_ATMSEMINAR-2_2021
Publication status: Accepted
Booktitle: Fourteenth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2021)
Year: 2021
Month: September
Pages: 10
Organization: The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), EUROCONTROL
Crossref: Helmke_ATMSEMINAR_2021
URL: http://www.atmseminar.org/...
Abstract: One of the crucial tasks of an air traffic controller (ATCo) is to evaluate pilot readbacks and to react in case of errors. Undetected readback errors, when not corrected by ATCos, can have a dramatic impact on air traffic management (ATM) safety. Although they seldomly occur, the benefits of even one prevented incident due to automatic readback error detection justifies the efforts. This, however, requires highly reliable detections, which is beyond the performance of currently available automatic speech recognition implementations. The HAAWAII project aims to achieve false alarm rates below 10% and readback error detection rates better than 50%. After performing a preliminary analysis by comparing ATCo utterances with pilot readbacks on word level, this approach proves to be very ineffective. Callsigns are abbreviated or not even pronounced, altitude and speed units are often not used, for example “nineteen eight” is the same as “one one nine decimal eight”. Therefore, the presented approach transforms recognized word sequences into so-called ATC concepts, as agreed with the ontology of the SESAR project PJ.16-04. Detecting readback errors on concept level is more reliable and robust as it also considers different forms of conveying the same semantic messages and is also more tolerant to partially misrecognized words. Nevertheless, a good recognition rate on word level is essential to correctly transform words into concepts, which will be achieved by integrating voice data from ATCo utterances and pilot readbacks with context information such as data concerning radar, flight plans, and weather. This paper presents relevant use cases, the ontology-based algorithm, and initial results regarding callsign recognition accuracy for automatic readback error detection purposes.
Projects HAAWAII
Authors Helmke, Hartmut
Kleinert, Matthias
Shetty, Shruthi
Ohneiser, Oliver
Ehr, heiko
Arilíusson, Hörður
Simiganoschi, Teodor S.
Prasad, Amrutha
Motlicek, Petr
Vesely, Karel
Ondřej, Karel
Smrz, Pavel
Harfmann, Julia
Windisch, Christian
Added by: [UNK]
Total mark: 0
  • Helmke_ATMSEMINAR-2_2021.pdf