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 [BibTeX] [Marc21]
The rise of artificial intelligence reading of chest X-rays for enhanced TB diagnosis and elimination
Type of publication: Journal paper
Citation: Geric_IJTLD_2023
Publication status: Published
Journal: The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volume: 27
Number: 5
Year: 2023
Month: May
Pages: 367--372
URL: https://www.ingentaconnect.com...
DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.22.0687
Abstract: We provide an overview of the latest evidence on computer-aided detection (CAD) software for automated interpretation of chest radiographs (CXRs) for TB detection. CAD is a useful tool that can assist in rapid and consistent CXR interpretation for TB. CAD can achieve high sensitivity TB detection among people seeking care with symptoms of TB and in population-based screening, has accuracy on-par with human readers. However, implementation challenges remain. Due to diagnostic heterogeneity between settings and sub-populations, users need to select threshold scores rather than use pre-specified ones, but some sites may lack the resources and data to do so. Efficient standardisation is further complicated by frequent updates and new CAD versions, which also challenges implementation and comparison. CAD has not been validated for TB diagnosis in children and its accuracy for identifying non-TB abnormalities remains to be evaluated. A number of economic and political issues also remain to be addressed through regulation for CAD to avoid furthering health inequities. Although CAD-based CXR analysis has proven remarkably accurate for TB detection in adults, the above issues need to be addressed to ensure that the technology meets the needs of high-burden settings and vulnerable sub-populations.
Projects Idiap
Authors Geric, Coralie
Qin, Zhi Zhen
M. Denkinger, Claudia
Kik, Sandra V.
Marais, Ben
Anjos, André
David, Pierre-Marie
Khan, Faiz A.
Trajman, Anete
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