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 [BibTeX] [Marc21]
Claim-Dissector: An Interpretable Fact-Checking System with Joint Re-ranking and Veracity Prediction
Type of publication: Journal paper
Citation: Fajcik_ACL2023_2023
Publication status: Published
Journal: Association for Computational Linguistics
Volume: Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2023
Year: 2023
Month: July
Pages: 10184–10205
Note: https://aclanthology.org/2023.findings-acl.647/
Crossref: Fajcik_Idiap-Com-03-2022:
URL: https://aclanthology.org/2023....
Abstract: We present Claim-Dissector: a novel latent variable model for fact-checking and analysis, which given a claim and a set of retrieved evidence jointly learns to identify: (i) the relevant evidences to the given claim (ii) the veracity of the claim. We propose to disentangle the per-evidence relevance probability and its contribution to the final veracity probability in an interpretable way — the final veracity probability is proportional to a linear ensemble of per-evidence relevance probabilities. In this way, the individual contributions of evidences towards the final predicted probability can be identified. In per-evidence relevance probability, our model can further distinguish whether each relevant evidence is supporting (S) or refuting (R) the claim. This allows to quantify how much the S/R probability contributes to final verdict or to detect disagreeing evidence. Despite its interpretable nature, our system achieves results competetive with state-of-the-art on the FEVER dataset, as compared to typical two-stage system pipelines, while using significantly fewer parameters. Furthermore, our analysis shows that our model can learn fine-grained relevance cues while using coarse-grained supervision and we demonstrate it in 2 ways. (i) We show that our model can achieve competitive sentence recall while using only paragraph-level relevance supervision. (ii) Traversing towards the finest granularity of relevance, we show that our model is capable of identifying relevance at the token level. To do this, we present a new benchmark TLR-FEVER focusing on token-level interpretability — humans annotate tokens in relevant evidences they considered essential when making their judgment. Then we measure how similar are these annotations to the tokens our model is focusing on.
Projects Idiap
Authors Fajcik, Martin
Motlicek, Petr
Smrz, Pavel
Added by: [UNK]
Total mark: 0