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 [BibTeX] [Marc21]
Demographic Fairness Transformer for Bias Mitigation in Face Recognition
Type of publication: Conference paper
Citation: Kotwal_IJCB_2024
Publication status: Accepted
Booktitle: Proceedings of IEEE International Joint Conference on Biometrics (IJCB2024)
Year: 2024
Month: September
Abstract: Demographic bias in deep learning-based face recognition systems has led to serious concerns. Often, the biased nature of models is attributed to severely imbalanced datasets used for training. However, several studies have shown that biased models can emerge even when trained on balanced data due to factors in the data acquisition process. Considering the impact of input data on demographic bias, we propose an image to image transformer for demographic fairness (DeFT). This transformer can be applied before the pretrained recognition CNN to selectively enhance the image representation with the goal of reducing the bias through overall recognition pipeline. The multi-head encoders of DeFT provide multiple transformation paths to the input which are then combined based on its demographic information implicitly inferred through soft-attention mechanism applied to intermittent layers of DeFT. We compute probabilistic weights for demographic information, as opposed to conventional hard labels, simplifying the learning process and enhancing the robustness of the DeFT. Our experiments demonstrate that in a cross-dataset testing (pretrained as well as locally trained models), integrating the DeFT leads to fairer models, reducing the variation in accuracies while often slightly improving average recognition accuracy over baselines.
Projects SAFER
Biometrics Center
Authors Kotwal, Ketan
Marcel, S├ębastien
Added by: [UNK]
Total mark: 0
  • Kotwal_IJCB_2024.pdf